August 30, 2009

Over the span of days or weeks, the strength of surface air pressure over the North Atlantic seesaws between Iceland and the Azores Islands. The shifting pressure reflects changes in atmospheric circulation that have a big impact on mid-latitude weather in the U.S. and Europe. 

PMM SST Anomoly (480 px)
November 23, 2016

Are sea surface temperatures located north of the equator important for El Niño or La Niña development?  Yes!  Introducing the Pacific Meridional Mode.  

August 25, 2016

Understanding the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) as multiple layers of ice cream.  And how is it related to the El Niño-Southern Oscillation?  

April 28, 2016

Guest blogger Amy Butler explains how changes in the stratospheric polar vortex can influence the "usual" effects of El Niño on the climate in the Northern Hemisphere.

February 24, 2016

Where are my El Niño impacts?!

October 23, 2014

How can warming at Earth’s surface have slowed when energy accumulation is growing? The role of our oceans—including ENSO—is key.

August 19, 2014

Along with ENSO, what other climate patterns might be useful for predicting temperatures and precipitation in the United States?

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