Oil formation: deep sea formation of hydrocarbons

This animation summarizes how oil and gas form in sedimentary ocean basins. The process starts with dead plankton (organic plant and animal material) being deposited together with mud, sand and other sediments. It describes the process of sapropel, kerogen and hydrocarbon formation.

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The University of Waikato
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Teaching Tips

This animation could be used in a unit on energy and/or the carbon cycle.

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