Investigating El Nino using real data

This is a sequence of 5 classroom activities focusing on the El Niño climate variability. The activities increase in complexity and student-directedness. The focus of the activities is on accessing and manipulating real data to help students understand El Niño as an interaction of Earth systems.

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Caroline Joyce
Todd Viola
NOAA Ocean Data Education (NODE) Project

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Teaching Tips

Teaching Tips

Most current El Niño information and data is available at Many terms used in this activity are likely unfamiliar or poorly defined in mind of students. A good glossary can be found here: This resource is aligned with Ocean Literacy principles.

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