This simulation is an interdisciplinary timeline that has been developed to show key events in the climatic history of the planet, alongside events in human history.

Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States National Climate Assessment

Global sea level has been steadily rising for decades and is expected to continue. Scientists have very high confidence that global sea level will rise at least another 8 inches and as much as 6.6 feet by 2100, causing significant impacts in U.S. coastal regions.  This report lays out the science and describes possible scenarios to help planners and policy leaders assess the risks.

Coastal County Snapshots

Coastal County Snapshots turn complex data into easy-to-understand stories, complete with charts and graphs. Users select a coastal county of interest and the website does the rest, providing information that can help communities become more resilient to coastal hazards.

Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change

Much of the nation’s experience to date in managing and protecting its people, resources, and infrastructure is based on the historic record of climate variability during a period of relatively stable climate. This report from the America’s Climate Choices suite of studies concludes that adaptation to climate change calls for a new paradigm--one that considers a range of possible future climate conditions and associated impacts, some well outside the realm of past experience.

Climate Stabilization Targets

Greenhouse gas emissions and increased global temperature will change weather, climate, ecosystems, and food supply. Each degree Celsius (1.8 deg Fahrenheit) increase in global average temperature (up to 4 deg C) would likely result in the following: 5% to 10% less total rain in southwest North America, the Mediterranean, and southern Africa; 5% to 10% less streamflow in some river basins; 5% to 15% lower yields of some crops. The document clarifies short- and long-term consequences of various scenarios.

Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. (Agriculture)

A chapter from the 2009 U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) report, titled Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States, focused specifically on the intersections of climate and agriculture.

Decision-Support Experiments and Evaluations Using Seasonal-to-Interannual Forecasts and Observational Data: A Focus on Water Resources

An evaluation of decision support experiments that have used seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts and observational data. Earth's climate varies naturally and also changes in response to human activity. Our ability to adapt and respond to climate depends on our understanding of the system and how to incorporate this understanding into resource management decisions.

Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions

Scientific information about Earth's climate, water, air, land, and other dynamic processes is essential for our understanding of humankind's relationship to our natural resources and our environment. This report examines contributions of Earth science information in decision support activities and their relationship to climate change science.

Climate Impacts on U.S. Living Marine Resources: National Marine Fisheries Service Concerns, Activities and Needs

A 2008 report on climate impacts on coastal and marine ecosystems as it relates to the National Marine Fisheries Service's work.

Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources

A review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources in the United States. This report focuses on the following selected land management systems: National Forests, National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, Wild and Scenic Rivers, National Estuaries, and Marine Protected Areas.

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