Includes sea level rise; extreme weather; changes to ecosystems, plants and animals; melting ice and permafrost; ocean wamring; impacts to water resources, agriculture, public health and national security
Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change
May 18, 2010
Much of the nation’s experience to date in managing and protecting its people, resources, and infrastructure is based on the historic record of climate variability during a period of relatively stable climate. This report from the America’s Climate Choices suite of studies concludes that adaptation to climate change calls for a new paradigm--one that considers a range of possible future climate conditions and associated impacts, some well outside the realm of past experience.
The purpose of this 2010 National Institutes of Health publication is to identify research needs for all aspects of the research-to-decision making pathway that will help researchers and decision makers understand and mitigate the health effects of climate change as well as ensure that decision makers choose the healthiest and most efficient approaches to climate change adaptation.
Assessing Economic Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
May 14, 2009
Reliable estimates of the costs and benefits to the U.S. economy for various emissions reduction and adaptation strategies are critical to federal climate change R&D portfolio planning and investment decisions. At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Academies organized a workshop to consider these issues. The workshop participants discussed three dimensions: policy, analysis, and economics.
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States (2009)
May 1, 2009
Climate changes are underway in the United States and are projected to grow. Consequently, crops and livestock production will be increasingly challenged and threats to human health will increase. These are two key findings presented in this 2009 assessment report by the U.S. Global Change Research Program. The report gives an overview of climate-related issues and impacts for seven geographical regions and seven sectors of society.
An assessment of abrupt climate change events where key aspects of Earth's climate system change faster than the responsible forcings would suggest and/or faster than society can respond. This report examines four types of abrupt change in Earth's past that were so rapid and so large in their impact that if they were to recur today they would pose clear risks to society in terms of our ability to adapt.
Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions
September 8, 2008
Scientific information about Earth's climate, water, air, land, and other dynamic processes is essential for our understanding of humankind's relationship to our natural resources and our environment. This report examines contributions of Earth science information in decision support activities and their relationship to climate change science.
Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate
June 18, 2008
An assessment in the state of knowledge concerning changes in weather and climate extremes in North America and U.S. territories. Changes in extreme weather and climate events have significant impacts and are among the most serious challenges to society in coping with a changing climate.
A comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of past, present, and future global climate change. The assessment confirms that the scientific understanding of the climate system and its sensitivity to greenhouse gas emissions is now richer and deeper than ever before. The chapters forming the bulk of this report describe scientists assessment of the state-of-knowledge in their respective fields.
The Environmental Protection Agency produced this publication with assistance from federal, state, local, and academic partners. It is designed to help community officials, emergency managers, meteorologists, and others plan for and respond to excessive heat events. The Guidebook highlights best practices that have been employed to save lives during excessive heat events in different urban areas.